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Allerseelen (Strauss)

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Wikipedia article

{{Infobox musical composition

| name =

| type = Lied

| composer = Richard Strauss

| image = 1839 Waldmller Am Allerseelentag anagoria.JPG

| image_upright = 0.8

| alt =

| caption = 'Am Allerseelentag', by Ferdinand Georg Waldmller, 1839

| translation = All Souls' Day

| catalogue = TrV 141

| opus = 10, No. 8

| dedication = Heinrich Vogl

| text = Poem by Hermann von Gilm

| language = German

| key =

| composed = Trenner, page 43.

| scoring = Voice and piano


"'Allerseelen'" ("All Souls' Day") is an art song for voice and piano composed by Richard Strauss in 1885, setting a poem by the Austrian poet Hermann von Gilm from his collection ' (Last Pages). It is the last in a collection of eight songs which were all settings of Gilm poems from the same volume entitled ' (Eight Songs from Last Pages), the first collection of songs Strauss ever published as Op. 10 in 1885, including also "Zueignung" (Dedication) and "Die Nacht" (The Night). The song was orchestrated in 1932 by German conductor Robert Heger.

Composition history

, the author of the lyrics

In 1882, Strauss' friend, Ludwig Thuile, introduced Strauss to the poetry of Gilm contained in the volume ' (Last Pages), published in the year of the poet's death, (and the composer's birth), 1864, which contained the poem, 'Allerseelen'.Del Mar, pp. 2647. The Opus 10 songs were all intended for the tenor voice and were dedicated to the principal tenor of the Munich Court Opera, Heinrich Vogl.Del Mar, p. 267 Gilm's poem 'Allerseelen' was well known in Germany; Eduard Lassen had set it several years previously. Strauss completed the song on 3 October 1885, whilst at Meiningen, where he had started his first job as conductor under Hans von Blow. The song was given its first public performance at Meiningen in a chamber concert on 5 March 1886, (along with three other Opus 10 songs ("Zueignung" ("Dedication"), "Nichts" ("Nothing"), and "Die Georgine" ("The Dahlia")), sung by the tenor Rudolf Engelhardt.Trenner, Page 48. Although Strauss originally conceived of the song for a tenor voice, he did perform it as accompanist to his wife, Pauline in two concerts in Brussels, on November 1896, and other concerts around Germany in 1898 and 1899.Trenner, page 142-3, 173, 177 In 1921, during his US tour, he also performed it with the soprano Elena Gerhardt.Getz, page 375. Strauss conducted the song for a live radio concert recorded with Soprano Annette Brun and the Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana on 11 June 1947.CD Richard Strauss: Duett Concertino and Der Burger als Edelmann, Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana, CPO 7779902 (Bonus track 15).

Interpretations of the poem are various. All Souls' Day, 2 November, is the day of the year when people commemorate and recall those dear to them who have died. Alan Jefferson argues that "...the singer's character is trying to take advantage of the day to revive an old love affair which, it seems, has also died."Jefferson, page 57. Others see it more as a supernatural encounter: either the dead lover is communicating with the person setting the table or the singer is communicating with a departed lover.[http://collaborativepiano.blogspot.co.uk/2010/11/all-souls-day-allerseelen.html#.VsDs7VLj_KA All Souls' Day: Richard Strauss' Allerseelen] Norman Del Mar, when discussing the Opus 10 collection, states that "Lastly comes the ever-popular Allerseelen... a broad effusion of Strauss' growing lyricism".Del Mar, page 266.


Orchestral arrangements

The 1932 orchestration by Heger has the following instrumentation:

* Two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, bass clarinet, two bassoons

* Four french horns, two trumpets, one trombone

* Timpani

* One harp

* Strings

"Heger's version was acceptable to Strauss, and indeed he conducted it at his own concerts".Jefferson, page 57. In 1947 he made a live recording with this version.

There are instrumental arrangements for Brass band, including one by Stephen Roberts published in 2006.[http://www.justmusicuk.com/publications/details/JM50471 Strauss Allerseelen Opus 10 number 8, arranged for Brass band]




* Getz, Christine (2003), 'The Lieder of Richard Strauss', Chapter 10 (pages 35382) of 'The Richard Strauss Companion', Edited by Mark-Daniel Schmid, Praeger Publishers, Westport CT, .

*Norman Del Mar, 'Richard Strauss. A Critical Commentary on his Life and Works', Volume 3, London: Faber and Faber (2009)[1968] (second edition), .

*Jefferson, Alan. (1971) 'The Lieder of Richard Straus's, Cassel and Company, London.

*Trenner, Franz (2003) 'Richard Strauss Chronik', Verlag Dr Richard Strauss Gmbh, Wien, .

Category:Songs by Richard Strauss

Category:1885 songs

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