Home | Songs By Year | Songs from 1823
Home! Sweet Home!Buy Home! Sweet Home! now from Amazon
First, read the Wikipedia article. Then, scroll down to see what other TopShelfReviews readers thought about the song. And once you've experienced the song, tell everyone what you thought about it.
"'Home, Sweet Home'" is a song adapted from American actor and dramatist John Howard Payne's 1823 opera 'Clari, or the Maid of Milan', the song's melody was composed by Englishman Sir Henry Bishop with lyrics by Payne. Bishop had earlier published a more elaborate version of this melody, naming it "A Sicilian Air", but he later confessed to having written it himself.
The song's lyrics are:
When the song was published separately, it quickly sold 100,000 copies. The publishers made a considerable profit from it, net 2,100 in the first year, and the producer of the opera did well. Only Payne did not really profit by its success. "While his money lasted, he was a prince of bohemians", but had little business sense.Charles H. Sylvester, "John Howard Payne and 'Home, Sweet Home' ", Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 6, p. 221 (published 1922), The Project Gutenberg eBook In 1852 Henry Bishop "relaunched" the song as a parlour ballad, and it became very popular in the United States throughout the American Civil War and after. The song's American premiere took place at the Winter Tivoli Theatre in Philadelphia on October 29, 1823, and was sung by "Mrs. Williams."
As early as 1827 this song was quoted by Swedish composer Franz Berwald in his 'Konzertstck for Bassoon and Orchestra' (middle section, marked Andante). Gaetano Donizetti used the theme in his opera 'Anna Bolena' (1830) Act 2, Scene 3 as part of Anna's Mad Scene to underscore her longing for her childhood home. It is also used with Sir Henry Wood's 'Fantasia on British Sea Songs' and in Alexandre Guilmant's 'Fantasy for organ' Op. 43, the 'Fantaisie sur deux mlodies anglaises', both of which also use "Rule, Britannia!". In 1857 composer/pianist Sigismond Thalberg wrote a series of variations for piano (op. 72) on the theme of "Home! Sweet Home!".
The song was reputedly banned from being played in Union Army camps during the American Civil War for being too redolent of hearth and home and so likely to incite desertion.
In 1926 a "Music Stair" railing (see image) at Chatham Manor in Fredericksburg, Virginia was designed by Washington, D.C. based architect Oliver H. Clarke for the homeowners, the Devores. The ornamental iron railing features the first few bars of the score to Home, Sweet Home.
The Village of East Hampton acquired his grandfathers seventeenth-century house, known as "Home Sweet Home," and the windmill behind it, converting the homestead into a living museum in the landmarked East Hampton Village District.
The song is known in Japan as ("My Humble Cottage"). It has been used in such movies as 'The Burmese Harp' and 'Grave of the Fireflies'. It is also used at Senri-Ch Station on the Kita-Osaka Kyk Railway.
Bishop's tune, though, is perhaps most commonly recognized in the score from MGM's 'The Wizard of Oz'. The melody is played in a counterpart to "Over the Rainbow" in the final scene as Dorothy (played by Judy Garland), after she had returned from the Land of Oz, tells her family, "there's no place like home".
In the 1939 film 'First Love', the song is performed by Deanna Durbin.
In the 1946 20th Century Fox film 'Anna and the King of Siam', as well as in Rodgers and Hammerstein's 1951 musical, 'The King and I' (and its 1956 film adaptation), Anna Leonowens teaches her students to sing "Home! Sweet Home" as part of her psychological campaign to induce the King to build her a house of her own.
Popular recordings were made by John Yorke AtLee (1891), Harry Macdonough (1902), Richard Jose (1906), Alma Gluck (1912), Alice Nielsen (1915) and Elsie Baker (1915).
Later recordings were made by Deanna Durbin (recorded July 7, 1939 for Decca Records, catalog No. 2758B), Vera Lynn (1941) and by Bing Crosby (recorded July 30, 1945 with Victor Young and His Orchestra). The Crosby version was included in his album 'Auld Lang Syne' (1948).
Katherine Jenkins included the song in her album 'Home Sweet Home' (2014).
Buy Home! Sweet Home! now from Amazon
<-- Return to songs from 1823
This work is released under CC-BY-SA. Some or all of this content attributed to http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=1109586973.