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'Sharpe's Gold' is a historical novel by Bernard Cornwell. Set in August 1810 during the Peninsular War and featuring the destruction of Almeida it is the 9th (chronologically) in the Richard Sharpe Series.
This is Bernard Cornwell's second novel and according to the author the hardest to write. It was written as a warm-up for his '"series of tales about the adventures of a British rifleman in the Napoleonic Wars."'
Sharpe is sent on a secret mission behind French lines to locate gold that is badly needed to ensure the British can continue the fight against the French into the new year. At this time they hold a minor foothold in Portugal and are facing a major invasion in the new year.
Major Michael Hogan orders Sharpe to find out what happened to Claud Hardy, one of his exploring officers, who was sent to locate the gold thought to be in the fictional hamlet of Castejeda.
Sharpe sets off with the men of his small company as his sole military support and links up with Major Kearsey, another of Hogan's exploring officers. It becomes clear to Sharpe that Kearsey believes that the gold belongs to the Spanish and should only be returned to them, and that that is the purpose of the mission they are on. However Sharpe has secret orders that the gold must be taken to British lines and begins to doubt Kearsey is aware of them. We meet the local partisan commander El Catolico, who is engaged in a bitter struggle with local French cavalry.
Kearsey is captured by the French and Sharpe decides to go into the town and liberate him and ascertain the location of the gold. They succeed though suffer some losses in personnel but succeed in freeing not only Kearsey but also Teresa Moreno and her brother Ramon who were to be tortured by the French. The Spanish guerillas soon enter the town.
El Catolico is intensely suspicious of Sharpe being so far behind the French lines and suspects the British desire the gold so they can take it when they leave Portugal. We see Sharpe develop an attraction to Teresa who is betrothed to El Catolico. Her father is his second-in-command. Kearsey appears in awe of El Catolico and the Spanish generally. Sharpe decides to leave him out of future decisions. El Catolico claims there is no gold and that the French took it.
Having been escorted from the town by partisans Sharpe and the men double back later that night to undergo a further search of the town. Sharpe is captured by El Catolico but is freed by Patrick Harper who discovered the gold hidden in a manure patch. Sharpe's men surround the Spanish and they take Teresa as a hostage. Kearsey is utterly disapproving of what Sharpe has done but follows the other British soldiers. It seems Hardy was murdered by El Catolico.
They head for the fortress of Almeida and are harried by both the partisans and by French troops en route to the siege. Sharpe and Teresa consummate their relationship and fall in love. Sharpe and the men are saved from the French by a unit of German cavalry under Captain Lossow who was sent by Hogan to locate them and take them to Almeida. The officers meet with the commander of the fortress, the English Brigadier Cox. Cox has had no orders from General Wellington to let them pass unheeded and is suspicious of the lack of orders. Kearsey gives no help and it transpires that El Catolico and his men entered the fortress on the same night and lodged a claim on behalf of the Spanish government to take back the gold.
Efforts to contact Wellington are in vain as the telegraph is blown up. Cox orders the gold be returned and that Sharpe and his men enlist in the garrison to resist the siege. That night we have a showdown between Sharpe and El Catolico on the roof above Sharpe's bedroom window. Sharpe is victorious, but, realising that his opponent was superior, impaled his leg on the Spaniard's sword so he could render the coup de grace.
Demonstrating his ruthlessness, Sharpe ignites an explosion in the magazine of the fortress, which causes a great deal of casualties and considerable damage to the fortress walls. It becomes clear that the fortress will fall much sooner than expected and Sharpe and Lossow are allowed take their men away.
Teresa returns to the partisans, taking the name La Aguja (the Needle). It transpires that the gold was needed to develop the enormous defensive Lines of Torres Vedras which held up the French invasion of Marshal Andr Massna. Sharpe takes the opportunity of some leave to renew his acquaintance with Josefina, his love interest from 'Sharpe's Eagle', prompting the reader to speculate on the degree of attraction between himself and Teresa. The lines of Torres Vedras are better described in 'Sharpe's Escape'.
Characters in Sharpe's Gold
*Richard Sharpe - Main character and officer of rifles
*Sergeant Patrick Harper - Sharpe's loyal right hand man
*Major Michael Hogan - Wellington's intelligence gathering officer
*Major Kearsey - one of Major Hogan's exploring officers
*Colonel Joaquin 'El Catolico' Jovellanos - local partisan commander
*Teresa Moreno - Partisan leader
*Ramon Moreno - Teresa's brother
References or Allusions
References to actual history, geography and current scienceSharpes story continues to be '"intimately linked"' with the real life story of Sir Arthur Wellesley who appears again in this book. Here the Duke is suffering from money worries as Cornwell states he '"knew that money kept an army efficient."'
Although El Catolico and his treasure trove are literary inventions, the guerrillas and gold alluded to in this novel were an important part of the war against France ('"the twin allies of British victory"'); Cornwell admits that the '"Sharpe books do not do justice to the guerillas"'.
The books tells a fictionalised account of the destruction of Almeida which, as Cornwell notes '"conveniently for a writer of fiction"', remains a mystery. The Lines of Torres Vedras mentioned at the end of the novel are also a historical reality. Both sites were visited by the author during his research for the novel.
The book also demonstrates the military etiquette followed by armies of the time. Sharpe's wounded are cared for by the French surgeons, as the British would do to the French but the guerrillas can only expect a gruesome death as they mete out to their French opponents.
References in other worksThe character of Teresa Moreno who is introduced in this novel goes on to play an important role in the following books of the series. While the characters of Contessa Josefina and Claud Hardy were introduced in Cornwell's previous novel 'Sharpe's Eagle'.
Film, TV or theatrical adaptations
A 1993 TV adaptation of the same name was produced by Central Independent Television for the ITV network in the UK starring Sean Bean and Daragh O'Malley although this bore little resemblance to the novel.
* 1981, UK, Harper Collins ISBN 0-00-222129-2, 1 Dec 1981, Hardback
* 1982, USA, Viking Press ISBN 0-670-63943-5, 1 Jan 1982, Hardback
* 1995, UK, Harper Collins ISBN 0-00-617314-4, 1 Dec 1995, Paperback
* 2004, USA, Signet ISBN 0-451-21341-6, 3 August 2004, Paperback
Category:Napoleonic War novels
Category:1810 in fiction
it:L'oro di Sharpe
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