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'Century' is a 'New York Times' best-selling novel, written by Fred Mustard Stewart and published in 1981. The story follows four generations of an Italian-American family with settings in both America and Italy. Most of the events that take place in the novel, take place in actual American and Italian history. Readers are witnesses to the rise of Benito Mussolini, the Prohibition period, Black Tuesday, World War I, World War II, the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Holocaust, and the gradual formation of the motion picture industry in Hollywood. The novel spent six weeks on the New York Times Best Seller list.[http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/12/arts/11stewart.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=Century%20Fred%20Mustard&st=cse&oref=slogin NY Times: "Fred Mustard Stewart, 74, Novelist, Dies"]
IntroductionSeven-year-old Princess Syliva Maria Pia Angelica Toscanelli is called to the Mother Superior's office. She is told that her father, Prince Filiberto was killed in battle, making the princess an orphan.
Private Augusts Dexter is on his way back from Savannah, Georgia, after delivering confidential papers from General Sherman when he decides to spend the night at a burned plantation house, in order to rest and loot the house. An old slave, offers him his mistress's jewels for fifty dollars. Augusts gives him thirty dollars and his father's gold watch. He plans to sell the jewellery and use them to fund his plans of building a bank in New York.
Part I: Franco and Vittorio (1880)Alice Dexter, the wife of Augustus, is vacationing in the Villa dell'Acqua after having struck up a friendship with Princess Sylvia. She meets Vittorio Spada, a servant child, with whom she takes a great liking to.
Franco Spada, the older brother of Vittorio, and the gardener of the villa, bribes the local priest with a gold watch. Franco asks the priest to care for Vittorio, in the case of his death. The next morning, Princess Sylvia goes on her daily horse ride, when she encounters what appears to be an unconscious Franco. When she dismounts and attempts to wake him, Franco immediately holds her at gunpoint in the hopes of kidnapping her so that the royal family will give enough money to send him and Vittorio to America. Princess Sylvia laughs at him, and demands that he help her to mount her horse. Afterwards, she invites him to meet her at the library where she begins to teach him how to read and write. She is later warned by Alice of the suspicions that could possibly arise from her teaching Franco, particularly the suspicions of her husband. Princess Sylvia ignores it, and continues to teach him.
Prince Giancarlo returns home after a bomb scare. He meets with a Mafia man to arrange for Franco's removal from his wife's presence. One night Franco is awoken and arrested for the rape and murder of a local girl. He is later arraigned and given a life-sentence. Princess Sylvia makes it her life goal to fight for his release, knowing that Prince Giancarlo, was likely behind the arrest. She writes to Alice explaining her woes and the fear for Vittorio's future.
Alice, who is unable to produce children, decides to have Vittorio sent to America to become her son, against the wishes of Augustus.
Franco is later transferred to the island of San Stefano to live out the remainder of his life sentence with hard labor. He becomes chained to Fillipo Pieri with whom he immediately bonds to.
Part II: Love Affairs (1890–1892)Vittorio is now known as Victor Dexter, the legally adopted son of Alice and Augustus Dexter. Augustus continues to treat him as a nuisance but slowly shows signs of warmth. He is called into Augustus's office to be pressured into attending the family Christmas party. Victor decides to ask Lucille Elliot, his cousin, but she is already attending with her boyfriend.
At the Christmas party, he dances enthusiastically with an unattractive girl, with whom he was tricked into dancing with by his cousin Rodney. Lucille takes notice and asks Victor to dance with her. Shortly after, a drunk Rodney and Lucille's boyfriend gang up on Victor leading to a public fight. Afterwards, Victor leaves and travels to Little Italy. A prostitute approaches him, and he decides to give in to his sexual urges for the first time.
The next day Victor returns home to inform Alice and Augustus that he is moving out, and living with an Italian family. He meets Gianni, the family's son, with whom he is asked to teach English to. When Victor returns to work at the bank, Augustus calls him to his office, to question the loan application of an Italian grocer. Victor informs him that he recommended the grocer to apply at their bank. The two argue after Augustus chooses to reject it based on his racist hatred of Italians. After the argument, Augustus approves the loan. A celebration with the local Italians ensues, and Gianni asks Victor to accompany him to a "club". The club turns out to be a gang led by Little Vinnie. Victor rejects the invitation to join and leaves.
Alice is becoming weak due to tuberculosis. She celebrates her thirty-sixth birthday with her family. Victor meets up with Lucille and tells her that he loves her, and to marry him. She decides to date him. Upon their first date, he discovers that Howard Cantrell, the genial cashier of the bank is embezzling money. After confronting him, Howard runs and away and drowns himself. Augustus later praises Victor for his discovery, and finally attempts to connect with him.
On his way back home, Victor runs into Gianni, Little Vinnie and their friend Marco. The three are drunk and decide to teach him a lesson. An accident ensues in which Marco is killed. Little Vinnie assures Victor before they leave, that Marco's death will not be forgotten. Later, Victor moves back home with Alice and Augustus. He later confesses the accident to Augustus, who accepts it calmly but secretly harbors mixed feelings regarding Victor's true nature. Alice dies ten days later from her illness.
In Italy, Franco writes in his diary that Fillipo has died due to a heat stroke coupled with twelve years of back breaking work. He plans to escape the prison and prepares to do so, only to find that the newly widowed Princess Sylvia has managed to have him pardoned by the King, and released.
She brings him back to the villa where he cleans and is offered the services of a prostitute. However, Franco rejects her, and confesses his love for the princess, who has secretly harbored feelings for Franco as well. The two becomes lovers, and he decides with her support to create a socialist newspaper, which eventually becomes successful.
Part III: Years of Gold (1903–1910)The eleven years after Alice's death, were happy ones for Victor. He married Lucille and fathered three children with her. Also during that period, he and Augustus shared a greater relationship, before Augustus's death from a cerebral hemorrhage. Three days after Augustus's funeral, the will was read. Victor learned that he had been left a large amount of money. Yet, the controlling shares of the Dexter Bank were left to Lucille. Eventually, Victor came to understand that it was Augustus's way of conveying to Victor, that he didn't completely trust him, after the night he learned that Victor killed a man.
With Victor as the new president of the Dexter Bank, he immediately initiates great changes by reaching out to new classes of depositors – primarily the urban poor and immigrants. Little Vinnie learns of this change, and meets up with Victor at the bank to blackmail him into giving him a hundred thousand dollar loan. Victor fears that Little Vinnie will tell the media about Marco's death. He arranges to speak with the uncle of Julia Lombardini, his new secretary, due to his insights on Little Vinnie's criminal activities. Later, Little Vinnie and Gianni are arrested on charges of robbery. The two had been manipulated into committing a crime that Victor and an undercover police officer had planned.
Lucille decides to use some of the income from the bank stock to build a mansion for the family. She hires Archie Winstead, an architect, to aid in the design and construction. Victor worries that she will drive the bank into bankruptcy with her spending. Tensions arise when she informs Victor that he can do nothing to stop her plans for the building, nor her plans for moving upwards in the social hierarchy. Eventually, Victor asks Lucille to sell him her stock. She refuses, because she enjoys the new power that she holds over him. On the day that Victor receives news of Little Vinnie's arrest, Lucille asks him to make love to her. He rejects her, making her realize that her once compliant husband is rebelling.
During Christmas, Lucille is in London buying furniture for their home. Victor is invited to Julia's home to spend Christmas with her family. After dinner he and Julia walk along the beach, when he confesses that he is falling in love with her. She accepts his kiss before pushing him away and insisting that she be his secretary, rather than his mistress. Back at Julia's home, Victor asks her uncle who owns a local Italian newspaper for help in forcing Lucille to sell her stock. With the newspaper, they ask the Italian community to deposit their money into the Dexter Bank. Lucille returns home ecstatic with the deposits and increases in stock. She buys a new dress, only to discover that the new Italian depositors, are withdrawing their money. Lucille quickly realizes that Victor had planned the sudden deposits to force her to sell. They argue with Victor telling her that she has forced him into doing this for fear that she will sell the stock out of the family in order to climb the social ladder. She cries and asks Victor if he loves her. He admits that he does not know anymore. Afterwards, she tells him that she will sell the stock to him, leaving Victor to realize by doing so it may have cost him his marriage.
Meanwhile, in Italy Franco is now a senator and living with Princess Sylvia and their twin sons. He uses his position to pressure the senate into launching a crusade against the Mafia. Sylvia worries for his safety and asks that he hire a bodyguard. Their son Tony, is under the tutelage of Cardinal dell'Acqua, in hopes of becoming a priest. The Cardinal presses Tony to encourage his parents to solidify their marriage by marrying. Despite Franco's continuous attack on the Church, the couple agree. Later, Tony's brother Fausto pressures him into coming along to La Rosina, the local brothel. Although Tony is initially resistant he agrees. He sleep with a woman for the first time. Later, he angrily admits to Fausto that he enjoyed it. The next day he informs his mother that he is going to be a priest.
Back in America, Julia is now Victor's mistress despite her desire to be anything but. She argues with him to divorce Lucille. Victor continually insists that the timing is wrong despite his desire to be with her as well. Eventually, Victor and his family are aboard a ship to Italy where they have been invited to attend Franco and Sylvia's wedding. It will be the first time Victor has returned to Italy in thirty years. Yet, he cannot be happy while Julia is upset at him. That night, Victor and Lucille engage in an argument before Victor asks her for a divorce. She refuses and informs him that he is not rich enough for her to divorce him yet. On the third day of traveling, they reach Rome where Victor tearfully reunites with Franco. The two converse that night with Franco telling Victor, that it is apparent he is unhappily married. Franco and Sylvia are later married by Cardinal dell'Acqua where a grand celebration takes place afterwards.
When the Dexter family returns home, Julia meets with Victor and tells him that while he has been away, she has been dating a wine importer and accepted his proposal in spite of the fact that she does not love him. Victor tells Julia that he has tried to divorce Lucille, but she will not agree. Julia does not relent and admits that she has grown to despise being his mistress. They depart by saying thank you for the last six years shared together.
A week later Victor receives a cable from Sylvia informing him that Franco was run over by a car and killed. He retreats into a room to mourn his losses. In Rome, Fausto angrily tells his mother that his father's death was no accident. He is certain that the Mafia was involved. He promises to avenge his death.
Part IV: Over Here and Over There (1915–1917)A woman named Elaine Fitzsimmons has approached Victor with the idea of writing a book about his life. He considers it, before inviting her to spend the weekend with his family at their weekend house on Sands Point. Before leaving the office, he meets with Morris David, a director, writer and producer of films. Morris asks Victor to aid him in financing his next film. Victor agrees under the condition of seeing Morris's other works. That night, he attends the movies and watches Morris's 'The Undressed Salad'. He decides to finance it.
Drew Dexter and his friends steal a speedboat with the intentions of returning it. They are caught and end up in jail for the night. Victor decides to have him work with the Sand Point road crews in order to learn his lesson. In the meantime, Barbara Dexter meets Morris who has come into Sand Points attempting to meet with her father. They find themselves amused by the differences in their personalities as they ride back to her home. Before leaving he tells her to contact him if she finds any good books that could possibly be made into films.
Elaine has tea with Lucille who has been hiring her to seduce Victor. Lucille hopes that by entrapping Victor, she will receive a generous divorce settlement. However, Elaine finds herself turned off by Lucille's cold nature. She confides in Victor and the two become lovers. Unbeknownst to the two, Lucille is all too aware of their relationship and sends two photographers to their rooms. When he returns home, she triumphantly announces what she intends to reap from their divorce settlement. Before he leaves, she is startled to hear him say that he feels sorry for what he knows she will become. As he walks out she finds herself wishing he would come back.
In Italy, Lieutenant Fausto and his men are captured during the Battle of Caporetto. The German captain who has caught him allows him to escape home where Princess Sylvia has transformed the palazzo into a hospital for wounded soldiers. Fausto returns and takes note of a pretty nurse named Nanda Montecatini. He asks his mother to introduce them. Yet, Fausto is not the only one to notice Nanda. Tony struggles with his role as a priest and his strong desires for Nanda. During Fausot's first date with Nanda, he mistakenly falls prey to the rumor that all Jewish girls are easy. He attempts to force Nanda to sleep with him. She knees him in the groin. He apologizes and the two agree to see each other later. Meanwhile, Tony confesses to Cardinal dell'Acqua his lustful thoughts of Nanda. Cardinal dell'Acqua insists that Tony must purge himself of such thoughts.
Later, Fausto is traveling a taxi to rejoin his commanding officer. They are forced to stop due to a crow of people gathered around Benito Mussolini. He steps outside and finds himself entranced by the speaker.
Part V: The Filming of Russia (1920)Morris David and Barbara Dexter are now married and living in Hollywood, where David has become a successful comedic film producer. They hold a great celebration filled with various Hollywood celebrities for their open house. Also in attendance, is the newly married Lucille, her young husband Archibald Pembroke and Lorna Dexter. During the party, Morris makes an announcement that he intends to create 'Russia', the most expensive dramatic film of its time, in order to document the suffering of the Russian Jews. While at the party Lorna meets Carl Maria von Gersdorff, a concert pianist. Though engaged, she finds herself attracted to him.
While filming 'Russia', numerous difficulties, accidents and upsets cause the film to be delayed and even more costly. Barbara decides to fund the film so long as Morris changes the genre to comedy, which he ultimately agrees to after realizing that all of the accidents and dramatic effects have essentially created a comedy.
Back in New York, Lorna visits Victor to inform him that she is marrying Carl. Although happy for her, Victor feels even lonelier knowing that his last daughter is now leaving him.
On the night of the premiere of 'Russia', Morris and Barbara return home. The film is well received by fans and critics alike. However, as Morris professes his love for Barbara's faith in him, she slaps him. Morris eventually learns that Barbara had discovered that he had been sleeping with Laura Kaye, the female lead in the film. Soon after, Morris manages to charm Barbara into forgiving him.
A week after the premiere, Lorna marries Carl. Eight months later they have a baby girl named Gabriella.
Part VI: Smart Money (1925)
Part VII: Church and State (1927)
Part VIII: A Christmas Present for Gabriella (1929–1934)
Part IX: Death of a Dream (1936)
Part X: Gabriella in Love (1940)
Part XI: War (1942)
Part XII: The Eternal City (1943–1944)
Part XIII: The Queen of Seventh Avenue (1950)
Part XIV: Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor(1959–1960)
Main characters*'Princess Sylvia dell' Acqua'
*'Franco Spada': Franco Spada is the husband of Princess Sylvia, the father of Fausto and Tony, and the older brother of Victor. Franco and his younger brother grew up in San Sebastiano with much hostility directed towards them. Many of the villagers believed that Franco and Victor's mother was a witch who seduced their father. As a young man Franco became the gardener of the Villa dell'Acqua. One day, he attempts to kidnap Princess Sylvia in return for money to send Victor and him to America. The plan fails, but Franco gains a friend in Sylvia who decides to make it her goal to teach Franco how to read and write. Prince Giancarlo dell'Acqua hears word of their relationship and has the Mafia set Franco up for rape and murder of a local girl. Franco is found guilty and given life imprisonment on the island of San Stefano. He endures twelve years of hard labor before Sylvia is able to obtain his release. When he returns home, he and Sylvia become lovers and he decides to begin a socialist newspaper. Eventually, the couple have twin sons and Franco becomes a senator. During his political career he viciously attacks the Mafia. Several weeks after his wedding to Princess Sylvia, he is run over by a car. There is much speculation that he was murdered by the Mafia.
*'Augustus Dexter': Augustus Dexter is the husband of Alice Dexter and the adoptive father of Victor Dexter. He is fifteen years older than Alice. Augustus was a Union soldier in the American Civil War when he bought stolen jewelry from a plantation slave. He sold the jewelry, invested in the stock market, made millions, and opened up the Dexter Bank. He became one of the richest man in New York. He is extremely resistant to Victor becoming his adopted son, and does little to provide him with the best clothes and schooling that he can afford. Much of this is due to Victor's prejudice against Italians. After Alice's death he and Victor share a warmer relationship. Yet, when he passes from a heart attack, he entrusts the controlling shares of the Dexter Bank to Lucille Elliot, his niece and Victor's wife. By doing so, he demonstrates to Victor that despite his death, he cannot completely trust him.
*'Alice Fairchild Dexter': Alice Dexter is the wife of Augustus Dexter and adoptive mother of Victor Dexter. Alice meets Victor while vacationing at Princess Sylvia's villa. When she receives news of Franco's arrest and Sylvia's fear for Victor's future, she arranges to have him come to the United States in hopes of adopting him. She is unable to bear children and sees Victor as her way of finally gaining a son. As Victor grows older, Alice begins to suffer from tuberculosis. She dies ten days after her thirty-sixth birthday.
*'Victor Dexter/Vittorio Spada'
*'Antonio "Tony" Spada'
*'Gabriella von Gersdorff'
Secondary Characters*'Prince Giancarlo dell'Acqua': Giancarlo was Princess Sylvia's first husband and the brother of the Cardinal dell'Acqua. He was the richest man in Sicily, and possessed powerful connections. He was previously married to the first Princess dell'Acqua before she died, leaving him with two children. There was much speculation, based on his lack of mourning over her death, that he was uninterested in the opposite sex. However, upon meeting Princess Sylvia this proved wrong. He fell in love instantly despite the fact that she was twenty-three years his junior. Giancarlo courted her avidly for three months before proposing. When he learns of Princess Sylvia's innocent involvement with Franco, he bribes a Mafia man to set Franco up for rape and murder. However, before he dies he confesses his sins for fear of eternal damnation, leading to Franco's release.
*'Fillipo Pieri': Fillipo was Franco's friend during his imprisonment on the island of San Stefano. The two were chained together and forced to endure hard labor. Fillipo received a twenty-five year prison sentence after drunkenly fighting another man, who had made a pass at his girlfriend. During the fight, the man hit his head against a stove, and died. His trial was publicized due to his father being a well-known physicist from Florence, and Fillipo's socialist views. However, it was his father's influence that spared him from being sentenced to life. During his imprisonment, he taught Franco how to read and write. Twelve years after entering San Stefano, he dies due to heat stroke.
*'Nanda Montecatini Spada'
*'Rodney Elliot': Rodney is Victor's cousin, and Lucille's younger brother. He is perceived by Victor, to be the most obnoxious of all the Elliot cousins. Rodney spends a great deal of his youth launching practical jokes and insults against Victor.
*'Morris David/Moyshe Davidoff'
*'"Little Vinnie" Tazzi'
*'Marco Fosco': Marco is part of Little Vinnie's gang. When he, Gianni and Little Vinnie drunkenly decide to attack Victor, he is accidentally killed. Little Vinnie uses Marco's death to blackmail Victor.
*'Archie Winstead': Archie is Lucille's second husband, twenty-seven years her junior, and a friend of Rodney's. He is a graduate of Yale University and the Paris cole des Beaux Arts. He was initially hired by Lucille as an architect for the building of Victor and Lucille's home. Lucille later marries him after her divorce to Victor, in order to inherit his title as Lord Pembroke. Although, Archie has a title that dates back to the seventeenth century, much of Lucille's family believes that she "bought" him in return for marriage. Archie is characterized by his distinct stammer, which Lucille's daughters find great pleasure in making fun of. Lucille later divorces him when she finds him in a compromising position with their maid.
*'Elaine Fitzsimmons': Elaine Fitzsimmons is an actress hired by Lucille to seduce Victor, in order for Lucille to receive a divorce settlement that she finds reasonable. Erica is meant to be act as an aspiring writer, who desires to write a book about Victor. However, she later finds herself turned off by Lucille's cold nature, and chooses to confide in Victor. Later, the two become lovers but are eventually found out by Lucille who uses the evidence against Victor.
*'Carl Maria von Gersdorff'
*'Millicent "Millie" Chapin': Millie is the wife of Drew Dexter. She marries him despite the fact that she knows he does not love her and will cause her great pains. After their marriage, she gradually becomes an alcoholic.
*'Honor de Beaumont'
*'Prince Shoichi Asaka'
* Stewart, Fred Mustard. 'Century'. New York: Signet Books, Inc., 1981.
Category:American historical novels
Category:Adultery in fiction
Category:Novels about organized crime in the United States
Category:Family saga novels
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