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'Montevideo, or the new Troy' is a 1850 novel by Alexandre Dumas. It is a historical novel about the Uruguayan Civil War, where the Uruguayan presidents Manuel Oribe and Fructuoso Rivera disputed the rule of the country. The name sets a parallelism with the Trojan War, as Oribe kept Montevideo, capital of Uruguay, under siege for many years.
The plot of the book makes a summary of the history of Uruguay, since the Spanish discovery to the Civil War. Juan Manuel de Rosas, Facundo Quiroga, Jos Gervasio Artigas, Bernardino Rivadavia or Giuseppe Garibaldi are thus treated as literary characters.[http://www.paradigmalibros.com/9789872218119/NUEVA+TROYA,+LA Resea de NUEVA TROYA, LA] Dumas describes Artigas and Rosas as barbaric, and Montevideo as a source of civilization. A similar dichotomy between 'Civilization' and 'Barbarism' was the theme of 'Facundo', another antrosist book published by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento some years before.[http://www.leedor.com/notas/2277---la_nueva_troya.html La Nueva Troya] Dumas described Rosas, who supported Oribe, as a coward who avoided the Argentine War of Independence and took control of Buenos Aires with a barbaric horde, and Montevideo as a heroic city standing against him.[http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/suplementos/libros/10-1861-2005-12-07.html Dumas, el salvaje unitario]
Dumas has never been to Uruguay, nor know by himself about the war. His work is based in the reports of the antirosist Melchor Pacheco, who sought French support against Rosas, and thus twisted the information about Rosas's administration in order to get such support. It is likely that the similarities with Sarmiento's book were introduced by Pacheco's, as it would be unlikely that Dumas had read his work.[http://www.elpais.com.uy/Suple/Cultural/07/06/01/cultural_283747.asp Bohemio de las pampas]
The book has been edited only once in Argentina, during the 1960 decade.
* Uruguayan Civil War
Category:Novels by Alexandre Dumas
Category:Works about the Argentine Civil War
Category:Uruguayan Civil War
Category:Novels set in Argentina
Category:Novels set in Uruguay
Category:French historical novels
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