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Pride and Prejudice

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Wikipedia article




'Pride and Prejudice' is a novel by Jane Austen, first published in 1813. The story follows the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with issues of manners, upbringing, morality, education, and marriage in the society of the landed gentry of early 19th-century England. Elizabeth is the second of five daughters of a country gentleman living near the fictional town of Meryton in Hertfordshire, near London.

Though the story is set at the turn of the 19th century, it retains a fascination for modern readers, continuing near the top of lists of 'most loved books' such as The Big Read. It has become one of the most popular novels in English literature and receives considerable attention from literary scholars. Modern interest in the book has resulted in a number of dramatic adaptations and an abundance of novels and stories imitating Austen's memorable characters or themes. To date, the book has sold some 20 million copies worldwide.

Plot summary



The narrative opens with Mr Bingley, a wealthy, charming and social young bachelor, moving into Netherfield Park in the neighbourhood of the Bennet family. Mr Bingley is soon well received, while his friend Mr Darcy makes a less favorable first impression by appearing proud and condescending at a ball that they attend (this is partly explained in that he detests dancing and is not much for light conversation). Mr Bingley singles out Elizabeth's elder sister, Jane, for particular attention, and it soon becomes apparent that they have formed an attachment to each other. By contrast, Darcy slights Elizabeth, who overhears and jokes about it despite feeling a budding resentment.

On paying a visit to Mr Bingley's sister, Jane is caught in a heavy downpour, catches cold, and is forced to stay at Netherfield for several days. Elizabeth arrives to nurse her sister and is thrown into frequent company with Mr Darcy, who begins to perceive his attachment to her, but is too proud to proceed on this feeling.

representing Mr Collins protesting that he never reads novels.

Mr Collins, a clergyman, pays a visit to the Bennets. Mr Bennet and Elizabeth are much amused by his obsequious veneration of his employer, the noble Lady Catherine de Bourgh, as well as by his self-important and pedantic nature. It soon becomes apparent that Mr Collins has come to Longbourn to choose a wife from among the Bennet sisters (his cousins) and Elizabeth has been singled out. At the same time, Elizabeth forms an acquaintance with Mr Wickham, a militia officer who claims to have been very seriously mistreated by Mr Darcy, despite having been a ward of Mr Darcy's father. This tale, and Elizabeth's attraction to Mr Wickham, adds fuel to her dislike of Mr Darcy.

At a ball given by Mr Bingley at Netherfield, Mr Darcy becomes aware of a general expectation that Mr Bingley and Jane will marry, and the Bennet family, with the exception of Jane and Elizabeth, make a public display of poor manners and decorum. The following morning, Mr Collins proposes marriage to Elizabeth, who refuses him, much to her mother's distress. Mr Collins recovers and promptly becomes engaged to Elizabeth's close friend Charlotte, a homely woman with few prospects. Mr Bingley abruptly quits Netherfield and returns to London, and Elizabeth is convinced that Mr Darcy and Mr Bingley's sister have conspired to separate him from Jane.

In the spring, Elizabeth visits Charlotte and Mr Collins in Kent. Elizabeth and her hosts are frequently invited to Rosings Park, home of Lady Catherine de Bourgh, Darcy's aunt; coincidentally, Darcy also arrives to visit. Darcy again finds himself attracted to Elizabeth and impetuously proposes to her. Elizabeth, however, has just learned of Darcy's role in separating Mr Bingley from Jane from his cousin Colonel Fitzwilliam. She angrily rebukes him, and a heated discussion follows; she charges him with destroying her sister's happiness, with treating Mr Wickham disgracefully, and with having conducted himself towards her in an ungentleman-like manner. Mr Darcy, shocked, ultimately responds with a letter giving a good account of (most of) his actions: Wickham had exchanged his legacies for a cash payment, only to return after gambling away the money to reclaim the forfeited inheritance; he then attempted to elope with Darcy's young sister, thereby to capture her fortune. Regarding Mr Bingley and Jane, Darcy claimed he had observed no reciprocal interest in Jane for Bingley. Elizabeth later came to acknowledge the truth of Darcy's assertions.

tells her father that Darcy was responsible for uniting Lydia and Wickham. This is one of the two earliest illustrations of 'Pride and Prejudice'.Janet M. Todd (2005), [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TVcNgW5uH5oC&pg=PA127&lpg=PA127&dq=%22William+Greatbatch%22+Jane+Austen&source=bl&ots=_cGcxYCyvZ&sig=rDQBOOT_UeOPq4oPGR0W1riux_o&hl=en&ei=_cmASt6nOImhjAfTqeyHCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3#v=onepage&q=%22William%20Greatbatch%22%20Jane%20Austen&f=false Books.Google.com], Jane Austen in Context, Cambridge University Press p. 127 The clothing styles reflect the time the illustration was engraved (the 1830s), not the time the novel was written or set.

Some months later, Elizabeth and her Aunt and Uncle Gardiner visit Pemberley, Darcy's estate, believing he will be absent for the day. He returns unexpectedly, and though surprised, he is gracious and welcoming. He treats the Gardiners with great civility; he introduces Elizabeth to his sister, and Elizabeth begins to realise her attraction to him. Their reacquaintance is cut short, however, by news that Lydia, Elizabeth's sister, has run away to elope with Mr Wickham. Elizabeth and the Gardiners return to Longbourn, where Elizabeth grieves that her renewed acquaintance with Mr Darcy will end because of her sister's disgrace.

Lydia and Wickham are soon found, then married by the clergy; they visit Longbourn, where Lydia lets slip that Mr Darcy was responsible for finding the couple and negotiating their marriageat great expense to himself. Elizabeth is shocked but does not dwell further on the topic due to Mr Bingley's return and subsequent proposal to Jane, who immediately accepts.

Lady Catherine de Bourgh later bursts in on Longbourn; intending to thwart local rumour, she warns Elizabeth against marrying Mr Darcy. Elizabeth refuses her demands. Disgusted, Lady Catherine leaves and drops by to inform her nephew on Elizabeth's abominable behaviour. However, this lends hope to Darcy that Elizabeth's opinion of him may have changed. He travels to Longbourn and proposes again; and now Elizabeth accepts.

Main characters



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Elizabeth Bennet

Elizabeth Bennet is the protagonist of the novel. The reader sees the unfolding plot and the other characters mostly from her viewpoint. The second of the Bennet daughters, she is 20 years old and is intelligent, lively, attractive and witty but with a tendency to judge on first impression (the "prejudice" of the title) and perhaps to be a little selective of the evidence upon which she bases her judgments. As the plot begins, her closest relationships are with her father; her sister, Jane; her aunt, Mrs Gardiner; and her best friend, Charlotte Lucas. As the story progresses, so does her relationship with Mr. Darcy, who belongs to a higher social class than Elizabeth. The course of Elizabeth and Darcy's relationship is ultimately decided when Darcy overcomes his pride, and Elizabeth overcomes her prejudice, leading to them both surrendering to the love they have for each other.

Mr Darcy

'Mr Fitzwilliam Darcy' is the male protagonist of the novel. Twenty-eight years old and unmarried, Mr Darcy is also the wealthy owner of the famous family estate of Pemberley in Derbyshire, and is rumored to be worth at least ten thousand pounds a year (which, in 2010, amounts to about one million dollars a year, although even this calibration fails to properly demonstrate Darcy's wealth. Such an income would have put him among the 400 wealthiest families in the countryPride & Prejudice, Penguin Classics 1996, note 2 to chapter 3). Handsome, tall, and intelligent, but rather antisocial, his aloof decorum and rectitude are seen by many as an excessive pride. He makes a poor impression on strangers, such as the landed gentry of Meryton, but is valued by those who know him well. Throughout the progression of the plot, Darcy and Elizabeth are forced to be in each other's company, causing each character to see the other in a different light. At the end of the work, both overcome their differences and judgments to fall in love with each otherAusten, Jane, and Carol Howard. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Barnes & Noble Classics, 2003. Print..

Mr Bennet

'Mr Bennet' is the patriarch of the Bennet family, a gentleman of modest income with five unmarried daughters. Mr. Bennet has a sarcastic, cynical sense of humor that he purposefully uses to irritate his wife. Though he loves his daughters (Elizabeth in particular), he often fails as a parent, preferring to withdraw from the never-ending marriage concerns of the women around him rather than offer help. Although he has inherited property, it can only pass to male heirs, so his daughters will be on their own upon his death.

Mrs Bennet

'Mrs Bennet' is the wife of her social superior Mr. Bennet and mother of Elizabeth and her sisters. She is frivolous, excitable, and narrow-minded, and she imagines herself susceptible to attacks of tremors and palpitations. Her public manners and social climbing are embarrassing to Jane and Elizabeth. Her favourite daughter is the eldest, Jane, though she has the closest relationship with the youngest, Lydia, who reminds her of herself when younger. Her main ambition in life is to marry her daughters off well.

, on the title page of the first illustrated edition. This is the other of the first two illustrations of the novel.

Jane Bennet

'Jane Bennet' is the eldest Bennet sister. Twenty-two years old when the novel begins, she is considered the most beautiful young lady in the neighbourhood. Her character is contrasted with Elizabeth's as sweeter, shyer, and equally sensible, but not as clever; her most notable trait is a desire to see only the good in others. Jane is closest to Elizabeth, and her character is often contrasted with that of Elizabeth. She is favoured by her mother because of her beauty.

She grows to be in love with Mr Bingley, a rich man who recently moved to Hertfordshire. Throughout the novel she is hurt by Mr Darcy, Mr Bingley's best friend, as he feels their love is not equal and he doesn't want to see Bingley get hurt. Thanks to Elizabeth, Mr Darcy realises his wrongdoing and brings back Bingley who then marries Jane. Jane is the second Bennet to marry.

Mary Bennet

'Mary Bennet' is the only plain Bennet sister, and rather than join in some of the family activities, she reads mostly, although she is often impatient for display. She works hard for knowledge and accomplishment, but she has neither genius nor taste. She is as silly as her two younger sisters, Kitty and Lydia, though she thinks she is very wise. She is included very little in the book.

Catherine Bennet

'Catherine "Kitty" Bennet' is the fourth Bennet sister, aged 17. She is portrayed as a less headstrong, but equally silly, shadow of Lydia.

Lydia Bennet

'Lydia Bennet' is the youngest Bennet sister, aged 15 when the novel begins. She is frivolous and headstrong. Her main activity in life is socializing, especially flirting with the officers of the militia. She dominates her older sister Kitty and is supported in the family by her mother. Lydia shows no regard for the moral code of her society and is remorseless for the disgrace she causes her family.

Charles Bingley

'Charles Bingley' is a handsome, good-natured, and wealthy young gentleman of 23, who rents Netherfield Park near Longbourn. He is contrasted with his friend Mr Darcy as being kinder and more charming and having more generally pleasing manners, although not quite so clever. He lacks resolve and is easily influenced by others.

Caroline Bingley

'Caroline Bingley' is the snobbish sister of Charles Bingley; she has a dowry of twenty thousand pounds. Miss Bingley harbours romantic intentions for Mr Darcy, and she is jealous of his growing attachment to Elizabeth and is disdainful and rude to her. She attempts to dissuade Mr. Darcy from liking Elizabeth. Her clumsy self-promotion in attempt to make Mr. Darcy like her is soon noticed by all.

George Wickham

'George Wickham' has been acquainted with Mr Darcy since childhood, having been under the guardianship of Mr Darcy's father. An officer in the militia, he is superficially charming and rapidly forms an attachment with Elizabeth Bennet. He spreads tales about the wrongs Mr Darcy has done him, adding to the local society's prejudice, but eventually he is found to have been the wrongdoer himself. He runs off with Lydia and marries her.

William Collins

'William Collins', aged 25, is Mr Bennet's clergyman cousin and heir to his estate. He is "not a sensible man, and the deficiency of nature had been but little assisted by education or society." Mr Collins is obsequious, pompous, and lacking in common sense. Elizabeth's rejection of Mr Collins's marriage proposal is welcomed by her father, regardless of the financial benefit to the family of such a match. Mr Collins then marries Elizabeth's friend, Charlotte Lucas.

Lady Catherine de Bourgh

'Lady Catherine de Bourgh', who possesses wealth and social standing, is haughty, pompous, domineering, and condescending, although her manner is seen by some as entirely proper and even admirable. One such, Mr Collins, encourages these characteristics by deferring to her opinions and desires. Elizabeth, by contrast, is duly respectful but not intimidated. Lady Catherine's nephew, Mr Darcy, is offended by her lack of manners, especially towards Elizabeth, and he later courts her disapproval by marrying Elizabeth in spite of her numerous objections.

Aunt and Uncle Gardiner

'Aunt and Uncle Gardiner': Edward Gardiner is Mrs Bennet's brother and a successful businessman of sensible and gentlemanly character. Aunt Gardiner is close to her nieces Elizabeth and Jane. Jane stays with the Gardiners in London for a period, and Elizabeth travels with them to Derbyshire, where she again meets Mr Darcy. The Gardiners are quick in their perception of an attachment between Elizabeth and Mr Darcy, and judge him without prejudice. They are both actively involved in helping Mr Darcy arrange the marriage between Lydia and Mr Wickham.

Georgiana Darcy

'Georgiana Darcy' is Mr Darcy's quiet, amiable, and shy younger sister, aged 16 when the story begins. When 15, Miss Darcy almost eloped with Mr Wickham, who sought her thirty thousand pound dowry. Miss Darcy is introduced to Elizabeth at Pemberley and is later delighted at the prospect of becoming her sister-in-law.

Charlotte Lucas

'Charlotte Lucas' is Elizabeth's friend who, at 27 years old, fears becoming a burden to her family and therefore agrees to marry Mr. Collins, whom she does not love, to gain financial security. Though the novel stresses the importance of love and understanding in marriage (as seen in the anticipated success of Elizabeth-Darcy relationship and failure of Mr. and Mrs. Bennet relationship), Austen never seems to condemn the decision of Charlotte to marry for money.

Interrelationships



Major themes



Many critics take the novel's title as a starting point when analysing the major themes of 'Pride and Prejudice'; however, Robert Fox cautions against reading too much into the title because commercial factors may have played a role in its selection. "After the success of 'Sense and Sensibility', nothing would have seemed more natural than to bring out another novel of the same author using again the formula of antithesis and alliteration for the title. It should be pointed out that the qualities of the title are not exclusively assigned to one or the other of the protagonists; both Elizabeth and Darcy display pride and prejudice."

A major theme in much of Austen's work is the importance of environment and upbringing on the development of young people's character and morality. Social standing and wealth are not necessarily advantages in her world, and a further theme common to Jane Austen's work is ineffectual parents. In 'Pride and Prejudice', the failure of Mr and Mrs Bennet as parents is blamed for Lydia's lack of moral judgment; Darcy, on the other hand, has been taught to be principled and scrupulously honourable, but he is also proud and overbearing. Kitty, rescued from Lydia's bad influence and spending more time with her older sisters after they marry, is said to improve greatly in their superior society.

Style



'Pride and Prejudice', like most of Jane Austen's works, employs the narrative technique of free indirect speech. This has been defined as "the free representation of a character's speech, by which one means, not words actually spoken by a character, but the words that typify the character's thoughts, or the way the character would think or speak, if she thought or spoke". By using narrative that adopts the tone and vocabulary of a particular character (in this case, that of Elizabeth), Austen invites the reader to follow events from Elizabeth's viewpoint, sharing her prejudices and misapprehensions. "The learning curve, while undergone by both protagonists, is disclosed to us solely through Elizabeth's point of view and her free indirect speech is essential ... for it is through it that we remain caught, if not stuck, within Elizabeth's misprisions.".

Title



The title "Pride and Prejudice" is very likely taken from a passage in Fanny Burney's popular 1782 novel 'Cecilia', a novel Jane Austen is known to have admired:

: "The whole of this unfortunate business," said Dr. Lyster, "has been the result of PRIDE and PREJUDICE. ... Yet this, however, remember: if to PRIDE and PREJUDICE you owe your miseries, so wonderfully is good and evil balanced, that to PRIDE and PREJUDICE you will also owe their termination..." [Capitalization as in the original.]

The terms are also used repeatedly in Robert Bage's influential 1796 'Hermsprong'.

Publication history



Austen began writing the novel after staying at Goodnestone Park in Kent with her brother Edward and his wife in 1796. The novel was originally titled 'First Impressions' by Jane Austen, and was written between October 1796 and August 1797. On 1 November 1797 Austen's father sent a letter to London bookseller Thomas Cadell to ask if he had any interest in seeing the manuscript, but the offer was declined by return of post.

Austen made significant revisions to the manuscript for 'First Impressions' between 1811 and 1812. She later renamed the story 'Pride and Prejudice'. In renaming the novel, Austen probably had in mind the "sufferings and oppositions" summarised in the final chapter of Fanny Burney's 'Cecilia', called "Pride and Prejudice", where the phrase appears three times in block capitals. It is possible that the novel's original title was altered to avoid confusion with other works. In the years between the completion of 'First Impressions' and its revision into 'Pride and Prejudice', two other works had been published under that name: a novel by Margaret Holford and a comedy by Horace Smith.

Austen sold the copyright for the novel to Thomas Egerton of Whitehall in exchange for 110 (Austen had asked for 150). This proved a costly decision. Austen had published 'Sense and Sensibility' on a commission basis, whereby she indemnified the publisher against any losses and received any profits, less costs and the publisher's commission. Unaware that 'Sense and Sensibility' would sell out its edition, making her 140, she passed the copyright to Egerton for a one-off payment, meaning that all the risk (and all the profits) would be his. Jan Fergus has calculated that Egerton subsequently made around 450 from just the first two editions of the book.

Egerton published the first edition of 'Pride and Prejudice' in three hardcover volumes in January 1813, priced at 18s. Favourable reviews saw this edition sold out, with a second edition published in November that year. A third edition was published in 1817.

Foreign language translations first appeared in 1813 in French; subsequent translations were published in German, Danish, and Swedish.Valrie Cossy and Diego Saglia. "Translations". 'Jane Austen in Context'. Ed. Janet Todd. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-521-82644-6 'Pride and Prejudice' was first published in the United States in August 1832 as 'Elizabeth Bennet or, Pride and Prejudice'. The novel was also included in Richard Bentley's Standard Novel series in 1833. R. W. Chapman's scholarly edition of 'Pride and Prejudice', first published in 1923, has become the standard edition from which many modern publications of the novel are based.

Reception



The novel was well received, with three favourable reviews in the first months following publication. Anne Isabella Milbanke, later to be the wife of Lord Byron called it "the fashionable novel". Noted critic and reviewer George Henry Lewes declared that he "would rather have written Pride and Prejudice, or Tom Jones, than any of the Waverley Novels".

Charlotte Bront, however, in a letter to Lewes, wrote that 'Pride and Prejudice' was a disappointment, "a carefully fenced, highly cultivated garden, with neat borders and delicate flowers; but ... no open country, no fresh air, no blue hill, no bonny beck."

Modern popularity

* In 2003 the BBC conducted the largest ever poll for the "UK's Best-Loved Book" in which 'Pride and Prejudice' came second, behind 'The Lord of the Rings'.

* In a 2008 survey of more than 15,000 Australian readers, 'Pride and Prejudice' came first in a list of the 101 best books ever written.

Adaptations



Film, television, and theatre



'Pride and Prejudice' has engendered numerous adaptations. Some of the notable film versions include that of 1940 starring Greer Garson and Laurence Olivier,[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0032943/ 'Pride and Prejudice' (1940)] (based in part on Helen Jerome's 1936 stage adaptation) and that of 2005 starring Keira Knightley (in an Oscar-nominated performance) and Matthew Macfadyen.[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0414387/ 'Pride and Prejudice' (2005)] at the Internet Movie Database. Notable television versions include two by the BBC: the popular 1995 version starring Jennifer Ehle and Colin Firth, and a 1980 version starring Elizabeth Garvie and David Rintoul. A 1936 stage version was created by Helen Jerome played at the St. James's Theatre in London, starring Celia Johnson and Hugh Williams. 'First Impressions' was a 1959 Broadway musical version starring Polly Bergen, Farley Granger, and Hermione Gingold. In 1995, a musical concept album was written by Bernard J. Taylor, with Peter Karrie in the role of Mr Darcy and Claire Moore in the role of Elizabeth Bennet. A new stage production, 'Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice, The New Musical', was presented in concert on 21 October 2008 in Rochester, New York, with Colin Donnell as Darcy.[http://www.prideandprejudicebroadway.com/index2.htm Pride and Prejudice: The New Musical]

'Bride and Prejudice', a movie by Gurinder Chadha, starring Aishwarya Rai, is a Bollywood adaptation of the novel; while 'Pride & Prejudice: A Latter-Day Comedy' (2003), starring Kam Heskin and Orlando Seale, places the novel at a Mormon university in modern times.[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0366920/ 'Pride and Prejudice' (2003)] at the Internet Movie Database.See Jennifer M. Woolston's "'It's not a put-down, Miss Bennet; it's a category': Andrew Black's Chick Lit Pride and Prejudice," 'Persuasions Online 28.1' (Winter 2007).[http://www.jasna.org/persuasions/on-line/vol28no1/woolston.htm Jasna.org] The Off-Broadway musical 'I Love You Because' reverses the gender of the main roles, set in modern day New York City. The Japanese comic 'Hana Yori Dango' by Yoko Kamio, in which the wealthy, arrogant and proud protagonist, Doumyouji Tsukasa, falls in love with a poor, lower-class girl named Makino Tsukushi, is loosely based on 'Pride and Prejudice'. A 2008 Israeli television six-part miniseries set the story in the Galilee with Mr Darcy a well-paid worker in the high-tech industry.

'Pride and Prejudice' has also crossed into the science fiction and horror genres. In the 1997 episode of science fiction comedy 'Red Dwarf' entitled "Beyond a Joke", the crew of the space ship relax in a virtual reality rendition of "Pride and Prejudice Land" in "Jane Austen World". The central premise of the television miniseries 'Lost in Austen' is a modern woman suddenly swapping lives with that of Elizabeth Bennet. In February 2009, it was announced that Elton John's Rocket Pictures production company was making a film, 'Pride and Predator', based on the story, but with the added twist of an alien landing in Longbourn. Also in production is the movie 'Pride and Prejudice and Zombies' based on the book of the same name written by Seth Grahame-Smith, where the village of Longbourn is terrorized by zombies.

The book has also been adapted for modern times in The Lizzie Bennet Diaries, a mixed media web show created by Hank Green and Bernie Su. The video blog follows Lizzie Bennet, a graduate student in mass communications, and includes companion video blogs, Twitter accounts, and tumblrs for many of the other characters.lizziebennet.comwww.youtube.com/user/lizziebennet

Literature



The novel has inspired a number of other works that are not direct adaptations. Books inspired by 'Pride and Prejudice' include:

'Mr. Darcy's Daughters' and 'The Exploits and Adventures of Miss Alethea Darcy' by Elizabeth Aston;

'Darcy's Story' (a best seller) and 'Dialogue with Darcy' by Janet Aylmer;

'Pemberley: Or Pride and Prejudice Continued' and 'An Unequal Marriage: Or Pride and Prejudice Twenty Years Later' by Emma Tennant;

'The Book of Ruth' (ASIN B00262ZRBM) by Helen Baker (author);

'Jane Austen Ruined My Life' and 'Mr. Darcy Broke My Heart' by Beth Pattillo;

' Precipitation A Continuation of Miss Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice ' by Helen Baker (author);

'Searching for Pemberley' by Mary Simonsen and 'Mr. Darcy Takes a Wife' and its sequel

'Darcy & Elizabeth: Nights and Days at Pemberly' by Linda Berdoll.

In Gwyn Cready's comedic romance novel, 'Seducing Mr. Darcy', the heroine lands in 'Pride and Prejudice' by way of magic massage, has a fling with Darcy and unknowingly changes the rest of the story.

Abigail Reynolds is the author of 8 Regency-set variations on 'Pride and Prejudice'. Her Pemberley Variations series includes 'Mr. Darcy's Obsession', 'To Conquer Mr. Darcy', 'What Would Mr. Darcy Do', 'Mr. Fitzwilliam Darcy: The Last Man in the World', and others. Her modern adaptation, 'The Man Who Loved Pride and Prejudice', is set on Cape Cod.

In March 2009, Quirk Books released 'Pride and Prejudice and Zombies', which takes Austen's actual, original work, and mashes it up with zombie hordes, cannibalism, ninjas, and ultra-violent mayhem. In March 2010, Quirk Books published a prequel which deals with Elizabeth Bennet's early days as a zombie hunter, entitled 'Pride and Prejudice and Zombies: Dawn of the Dreadfuls'.

In 2011, author Mitzi Szereto expanded on the novel in 'Pride and Prejudice: Hidden Lusts,' "[http://mitziszereto.com/prideandprejudicehiddenlusts/]" a historical sex parody that parallels the original plot and writing style of Jane Austen.

Marvel has also published their take on this classic, releasing a short comic series of five issues that stays true to the original storyline. The first issue was published on 1 April 2009 and was written by Nancy Hajeski.

Pamela Aidan is the author of a trilogy of books telling the story of Pride and Prejudice from Mr. Darcy's point of view entitled 'Fitzwilliam Darcy, Gentleman'. The books are 'An Assembly Such as This', 'Duty and Desire' and 'These Three Remain'.

The six-part BBC comedy series Blackadder the Third (1987), set vaguely in the late 18th to early 19th centuries, parodies the double titles Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice in the titles of its episodes: "Dish and Dishonesty," "Ink and Incapability," "Nob and Nobility," "Sense and Senility," "Amy and Amiability," and "Duel and Duality."

A graphic novel sequel entitled 'Mary King' was written by Sophie St. Clair and released in 2011.

In 2009 Ulysses Press and MJF Books released 'Darcy's Passions, A Novel' written by Regina Jeffers. It tells the story of 'Pride and Prejudice' through Darcy's eyes based on Darcy's three passions: his sister, Pemberley, and his love for Elizabeth Bennet, spanning from when he meets Elizabeth to the beginning of their married life. Ms. Jeffers' 'Pride & Prejudice' adaptations also include 'Darcys Temptations' (also titled 'Darcys Dreams'), 'The Phantom of Pemberley', and 'Vampire Darcy's Desire'.

"[http://www.levraphael.com/pride-and-prejudice-jewess.html Pride and Prejudice: The Jewess and the Gentile]" written by Lev Raphael (2011) reimagines the novel with the Bennets as an Anglo-Jewish family.

In September 2011, Proxima Books, an imprint of Salt Publishing, released '[http://www.mrsdarcyvsthealiens.com/ Mrs Darcy versus the Aliens]', a humorous sequel to [http://www.mrsdarcyvsthealiens.com/wiki/index.php?title=Jane_Austen Miss Austen's] original book in which [http://www.mrsdarcyvsthealiens.com/wiki/index.php?title=Mrs_Elizabeth_Darcy Elizabeth Darcy] is forced to team up with her old adversary [http://www.mrsdarcyvsthealiens.com/wiki/index.php?title=George_Wickham George Wickham] to defeat the tentacled alien hordes threatening Regency England.

Detective novel author P.D. James has written a book titled 'Death Comes To Pemberley', which is a murder mystery set six years after Elizabeth and Darcy's marriage.

References




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